Query codegen

Strawberry supports code generation for GraphQL queries.


Schema codegen will be supported in future releases. We are testing the query codegen in order to come up with a nice API.

Let’s assume we have the following GraphQL schema built with Strawberry:

from typing import List
import strawberry
class Post:
    id: strawberry.ID
    title: str
class User:
    id: strawberry.ID
    name: str
    email: str
    def post(self) -> Post:
        return Post(id=self.id, title=f"Post for {self.name}")
class Query:
    def user(self, info) -> User:
        return User(id=strawberry.ID("1"), name="John", email="abc@bac.com")
    def all_users(self) -> List[User]:
        return [
            User(id=strawberry.ID("1"), name="John", email="abc@bac.com"),
schema = strawberry.Schema(query=Query)

and we want to generate types based on the following query:

query MyQuery {
  user {
    post {

With the following command:

strawberry codegen --schema schema --output-dir ./output -p python query.graphql

We'll get the following output inside output/query.py :

class MyQueryResultUserPost:
    title: str
class MyQueryResultUser:
    post: MyQueryResultUserPost
class MyQueryResult:
    user: MyQueryResultUser

Why is this useful?

Query code generation is usually used to generate types for clients using your GraphQL APIs.

Tools like GraphQL Codegen exist in order to create types and code for your clients. Strawberry's codegen feature aims to address the similar problem without needing to install a separate tool.

Plugin system

Strawberry's codegen supports plugins, in the example above for example, we are using the python plugin. To pass more plugins to the codegen tool, you can use the -p flag, for example:

strawberry codegen --schema schema --output-dir ./output -p python -p typescript query.graphql

the plugin can be specified as a python path.

Custom plugins

The interface for plugins looks like this:

from strawberry.codegen import CodegenPlugin, CodegenFile, CodegenResult
from strawberry.codegen.types import GraphQLType, GraphQLOperation
class QueryCodegenPlugin:
    def __init__(self, query: Path) -> None:
        """Initialize the plugin.
        The singular argument is the path to the file that is being processed by this plugin.
        self.query = query
    def on_start(self) -> None: ...
    def on_end(self, result: CodegenResult) -> None: ...
    def generate_code(
        self, types: List[GraphQLType], operation: GraphQLOperation
    ) -> List[CodegenFile]:
        return []

Console plugin

There is also a plugin that helps to orchestrate the codegen process and notify the user about what the current codegen process is doing.

The interface for the ConsolePlugin looks like:

class ConsolePlugin:
    def __init__(self, output_dir: Path):
        """Initialize the plugin and tell it where the output should be written."""
    def before_any_start(self) -> None:
        """This method is called before any plugins have been invoked or any queries have been processed."""
    def after_all_finished(self) -> None:
        """This method is called after the full code generation is complete.
        It can be used to report on all the things that have happened during the codegen.
    def on_start(self, plugins: Iterable[QueryCodegenPlugin], query: Path) -> None:
        """This method is called before any of the individual plugins have been started."""
    def on_end(self, result: CodegenResult) -> None:
        """This method typically persists the results from a single query to the output directory."""
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