Sanic

Strawberry comes with a basic Sanic integration. It provides a view that you can use to serve your GraphQL schema:

from strawberry.sanic.views import GraphQLView
 
from api.schema import Schema
 
app = Sanic(__name__)
 
app.add_route(
    GraphQLView.as_view(schema=schema, graphiql=True),
    "/graphql",
)

Options

The GraphQLView accepts two options at the moment:

Extending the view

The base GraphQLView class can be extended by overriding the following methods:

get_context

By overriding GraphQLView.get_context you can provide a custom context object for your resolvers. You can return anything here; by default GraphQLView returns a dictionary with the request.

class MyGraphQLView(GraphQLView):
    async def get_context(self, request: Request, response: Response) -> Any:
        return {"example": 1}
 
 
@strawberry.type
class Query:
    @strawberry.field
    def example(self, info: Info) -> str:
        return str(info.context["example"])

Here we are returning a custom context dictionary that contains only one item called "example" .

Then we can use the context in a resolver. In this case the resolver will return 1 .

get_root_value

By overriding GraphQLView.get_root_value you can provide a custom root value for your schema. This is probably not used a lot but it might be useful in certain situations.

Here’s an example:

class MyGraphQLView(GraphQLView):
    async def get_root_value(self, request: Request) -> Any:
        return Query(name="Patrick")
 
 
@strawberry.type
class Query:
    name: str

Here we configure a Query where requesting the name field will return "Patrick" through the custom root value.

process_result

By overriding GraphQLView.process_result you can customize and/or process results before they are sent to a client. This can be useful for logging errors, or even hiding them (for example to hide internal exceptions).

It needs to return an object of GraphQLHTTPResponse and accepts the execution result.

from strawberry.sanic.views import GraphQLView
from strawberry.http import GraphQLHTTPResponse, process_result
from strawberry.types import ExecutionResult
from sanic.request import Request
 
 
class MyGraphQLView(GraphQLView):
    async def process_result(
        self, request: Request, result: ExecutionResult
    ) -> GraphQLHTTPResponse:
        if result.errors:
            result.errors = [err.formatted for err in result.errors]
 
        return process_result(data)

In this case we are doing the default processing of the result, but it can be tweaked based on your needs.

encode_json

encode_json allows to customize the encoding of the JSON response. By default we use json.dumps but you can override this method to use a different encoder.

class MyGraphQLView(GraphQLView):
    def encode_json(self, data: GraphQLHTTPResponse) -> str:
        return json.dumps(data, indent=2)
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